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Practice guidelines

  1. Chawla R et al. Guidelines for noninvasive ventilation in acute respiratory failure. Indian J Crit Care Med.2006;10:117-47.

  2. Keenan, S. Clinical practice guidelines for the use of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation and noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure in the acute care setting. CMAJ. 2011; 183(3): E195–E214.




Blunt chest trauma

  1. Duggal A, Perez P, Golan E, Tremblay L, Sinuff T. The safety and efficacy of noninvasive ventilation in patients with blunt chest trauma: a systematic review. Crit Care. 2013 Jul 22;17(4):R142.

Acute respiratory failure

  1. Nava S, Navalesi P, Carlucci A. Non-invasive ventilation. Minerva Anestesiol. 2009 Jan-Feb;75(1-2):31-6.

Cardiogenic pulmonary edema

  1. Vital FM et al. Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (CPAP or bilevel NPPV) for cardiogenic pulmonary oedema. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 May 31;5.


  1. Brochard L et al. Noninvasive Ventilation for Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. N Engl J Med 1995; 333:817-822.

  2. Kumar A et al. Factors leading to poor outcome of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Journal of Acute Disease (2015)44-47.

  3. Khilani GC et al, Non-invasive ventilation for acute exacerbation of COPD with very high PaCO2: A randomized controlled trial. Lung India. 2010 Jul-Sep; 27(3): 125–130.

Web references


  2. Global Strategy For Asthma  Management & Prevention guidelines

  3. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease

  4. ISCCM- Guidelines for noninvasive ventilation in acute respiratory failure.



Compiled by-

Dr Sananta K Dash & Biswabikash Mohanty

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